Should painkillers be used in chronic kidney disease?

What are painkillers? Painkillers are analgesic drugs or pain relievers or a member of any group of drugs that are used by patients to get relief from pain. Some notable names of painkillers are acetaminophen (Tylenol), aspirin, naproxen( Aleve), and ibuprofen ( Advil, Motrin). Painkillers are the medications used to relieve pain from simple headaches to the major injuries of the body. There are basically three main types of painkillers : non steroidal anti inflammatory …

Micturition Diary

Micturition Micturition refers to the physiological term of “Urination” which is the dispersion of urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body through the urethra.  Or  It refers to the process by which the urinary bladder empties when it is filled.  Micturition involves two main types:-  The urinary bladder fills first progressively until and unless, the tension in its walls rises above an optimum or threshold level.  Secondly, the nervous reflex, also …

Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Inhibitors (eg Sitagliptin, Linagliptin, Vildagliptin )in CKD

What is Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Inhibitors? Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Inhibitors are a group of antihyperglycemic or a class of oral hypoglycemic that blocks the enzyme dipeptidyl Peptidase IV that helps to manage diabetes mellitus type-2 which is an increasing risk factor for different kinds of cardiovascular and renal conditions. Examples of Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Inhibitors The following are included in the class of Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV Inhibitors that are approved by the FDA  Sitagliptin  Saxagliptin …

Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors in Chronic kidney disorder

What are Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors? Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors are the oral anti-diabetic drugs generally used for diabetes mellitus type-2 that prevent the digestion of carbohydrates. The alpha-glucosidase normally covers carbohydrates into simple sugar and the alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors slow down this step. What are the common examples of alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors? The alpha-glucosidase Inhibitors include:- Acarbose –Precose or Glucobay  Migitol – Glyset Voglibose  The alpha glucose IDs inhibitors show a specific advantage of reducing postprandial glycemia. the dosages of …

When to initiate dialysis in a stable CKD patient

What is dialysis? Dialysis is a procedure or a treatment implemented to remove waste products and excess fluid from your blood.  Do I need dialysis if I have kidney disease? During the early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD), there is no requirement for dialysis. But since, since CKD is a chronic disease and it lasts for years, at the advanced stages of CKD or if your kidneys fail, you need to rely on dialysis …

What does high creatinine in the body mean?

What is creatinine? Creatinine is a chemical compound present in every body’s leftover energy-producing processes in the muscles. Healthy kidneys are known to filter creatinine out of the blood. Creatinine is expelled from the body as a waste product. What is a normal creatinine level in the body? Well, the creatinine level depends upon varying characteristics such as age, sex, person, size, muscle mass, and other health factors. However, a normal result ranges from 0.7 …

USG Kidney Interpretation

What does USG stand for Ultrasound ?  USG in medicine stands for Ultrasound sonography test . The USG technique is used for many reasons ,done basically to diagnose internal organs with any kind of disease or ultrasound is an imaging test that with the help of sound waves creates a picture (that is a sonogram) of underlying organs, tissues, and other structures.  Ultrasound sonography particularly does not use any kind of harmful radiation. There are …

First-time high creatinine

What does a high creatinine level mean? High creatinine levels in the body indicate that the kidneys are not working well and denote impaired kidney function. This actually happens due to poor clearance of creatinine by your kidneys. The normal creatinine levels in the body are 0.3 to 1.4 depending upon other factors as well and also an elevated creatinine level causes kidney failure. What are the causes of the sudden increase in creatinine levels …

Kidney stones Major risk factors and diet to prevent Kidney stones.

What are kidney stones? Kidney stones are the hard deposits of minerals and acidic salts that get stuck together in concentrated urine. It can be very painful while passing through the urinary tract. However, kidney stones usually don’t cause permanent damage. Kidney stones are also called Nephrolithiasis. There are several ways kidney stones are formed. Calcium may combine with certain chemicals such as oxalates or foods for us and form a solid hard mass. Sometimes …

Acute Kidney Injury:  Definition and Staging criteria

Acute Kidney Injury:  Definition and Staging criteria Acute kidney injury ( AKI) refers to a decrease in Kidney function abruptly leading to the retention of urea and nitrogenous waste products causing dysregulation of extracellular volume and electrolytes in the body. The term AKI has largely replaced acute renal failures (ARF) reflecting that smaller decrements in kidney function do not result in overt organ failures and are of substantial clinical relevance usually associated with increased morbidity …