Triglycerides in chronic Kidney disease
Triglycerides are the molecules of fat formed by bonding between fatty acids and glycerol. These lipids are good and evil in nature. Good lipoproteins are high-density lipoproteins or HDL. Bad lipoproteins are low-density lipoprotein or LDL, Very low-density lipoprotein or VLDL. In CKD, triglycerides levels play an essential role.
The normal triglycerides level is less than 150 mg per dl of blood. 150- 199 mg per dl is considered borderline. Above 200 mg per dl is considered a high level. A lipid profile test reveals triglyceride levels in the blood.
How does triglyceride affect and cause CKD?
- Higher triglycerides cause plaque formation in the artery, causing atherosclerosis, further leading to hypertension and, in turn, causing kidney disease.
- High levels of bad lipoproteins are hazardous to kidneys.
How does CKD impact triglycerides levels in the patient?
- Studies suggest that the levels of triglycerides tend to rise in CKD patients.
- The accumulation of the same is not average.
- Hypertension may worsen.
- This may lead to other comorbid conditions.
How to reduce triglyceride levels in CKD by diet?
- Reduce oil intake.
- Control hypertension.
- Eat fresh food.
- Avoid meat and animal products.
- Reduce dry fruits and nuts intake.
- Reduce the levels of sodium and potassium intake.
- Eat more fruits, ragi, vegetables, soup, boiled rice, etc.
- Eat less canned food, spices, sweets, groundnut, mayonnaise, cheese, etc.
How do I reduce triglyceride levels in CKD by physical exercise?
- Walking for 30 minutes 6 times daily for a middle-aged man with CKD.
- Stretching and free-style exercises for 30 minutes a day.
- Swimming and cycling are good options but should be confirmed by the physiotherapist and nephrologist.
- Breathing control exercise, yoga, and meditation.
- Changing the patient’s sedentary lifestyle to an active lifestyle.
- Appropriate food intake and sleep.