Pregnancy with kidney disease

How to measure protein intake in a day? High protein intake in Vegetarians. Pulses and protein.


Weight, age, gender, height, and physical activity all play a role in determining your daily protein requirements. If too high or too low, protein intake might cause health problems. Protein consumption must be balanced for good health and appropriate body function. Muscles, skin, bones, organs, hormones, enzymes, and many other bodily components are all made up of protein. 

Protein is a nutrient required by the body to build and repair cells. Amino acids are  the building blocks of protein, and the body can generate them.

Importance of Protein

Protein is vital since a person’s health might be jeopardized if they consume too much or too little. The body may not mend correctly or operate effectively without protein. It involves cell development and repair, hormone, red blood cell, and enzyme synthesis.

The amount of protein required by an individual varies based on various factors. As a result, it’s critical to ensure people get adequate protein based on their unique circumstances.

Protein’s Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) is determined by a variety of factors, including a person’s:

  • age
  • sex
  • levels of activity
  • overall well-being
  • mass of muscle
  • whether they are expecting a child or are breast-feeding


Determine the Appropriate Protein Amount for You

Your body size, nutritional state, and renal condition determine the amount of protein you require. Ask your healthcare provider about meeting with a renal dietitian to assess the quantity and kind of protein suitable for you, even if you are in the early stages of kidney disease, because too little protein can lead to malnutrition. Your doctor will monitor your kidney function to see whether dietary or medication adjustments are required.

How to calculate protein intake per day?

You can figure out how much protein you need each day by multiplying your weight in pounds by 0.36. That equates to 53 grams of protein per day for a 50-year-old woman who weighs 140 pounds and is sedentary (does not exercise).

Every day, the average adult with mild physical activity requires 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight.

Given that one kilogram equals 2.2 pounds, a person weighing 165 pounds (75 kg) would require around 60 grams of protein each day.

High protein intake in Vegetarians

A good renal diet is essential for any chronic kidney disease treatment regimen. Even though a renal diet restricts protein, you must consume some high-quality protein every day.

Being a vegetarian does not imply a lack of high-quality protein. There are several plant-based protein sources.

Making good eating choices is vital for everyone, but it is especially crucial for renal disease. Proper nutrition provides you the energy you need to get through your day, prevents infection, builds muscle, helps you maintain a healthy weight, and can even prevent your kidney disease from worsening.

How to manage your protein being Vegetarian?

You don’t need to start having meat if you’re a vegetarian and have chronic kidney disease (CKD) or are on dialysis. You’ll need to develop a food plan to match your nutritional demands if you want to combine your vegetarian lifestyle with a renal diet. Here are some areas where a nutritionist may be able to assist you with your new diet:

  • Make sure you’re receiving enough calories by keeping track of your calorie consumption.
  • When necessary, provide vegetarian protein sources and calorie supplements.
  • Phosphate binders, which may be required for meals and snacks, should be increased.
  • To regulate potassium levels, suggest a lower potassium dialysate for people on dialysis.
  • To achieve satisfactory urea clearances, make necessary dietary changes.
  • Provide renal-specific resources, recipes, and educational materials.

A vegetarian diet can fulfill a dialysis patient’s more important protein requirements.

For vegetarians on a renal diet, protein-rich foods include:

  • Meat replacements (meat substitutes such as soy burgers, tofu, hot dogs, and deli slices)
  • Soy-based goods (tofu, tempeh)
  • Lentils with beans
  • Nut butter and nuts
  • Egg replacements
  • Products derived from milk
  • Grains


Pulses and Protein:


  • Pulses are a low-fat, high-protein, and high-fiber protein source. Pulses are also high in vitamins and minerals such as iron, potassium, and folate.
  • Pulses are recommended for a healthy diet in most national dietary standards. According to studies, people who consume at least 12 cups of pulses per day had greater fiber, protein, calcium, potassium, folate, zinc, iron, and magnesium intakes and reduced total and saturated fat intakes.
  • Pulses are a protein source in many diets across the world. Beans, lentils, chickpeas, and peas have 2-3 times the protein content of cereal grains such as wheat, rice, quinoa, oats, barley, and maize. 12 cups of lentils, for example, has the same amount of protein as 1 cup of quinoa, 2 cups of rice, or 2 cups of maize.

Which pulses can I take related to protein content?

Beans, lentils, and peas are examples of pulses. They’re a low-cost, low-fat source of protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and they count toward your 5-a-day fruit and vegetable intake. A pulse is a seed that develops in a pod and is edible.

Pulses include all beans, peas, and lentils, such as:

  • baked beans
  • red, green, yellow, and brown lentils
  • chickpeas (chana or garbanzo beans)
  • garden peas
  • black-eyed peas
  • runner beans
  • broad beans (fava beans)
  • kidney beans, butter beans (lima beans), haricots, cannellini beans, flageolet beans, pinto beans, and borlotti beans

Beans, lentils, chickpeas, and peas have 2-3 times wheat, rice, quinoa, oats, barley, and maize protein content.

Urea is a molecule that the kidneys use to eliminate protein waste from the body. In the past, diet recommendations for persons with renal illness included a protein restriction. On the other hand, current counsel emphasizes striking a fair balance: not too much and not too little.

Meat, fish, eggs, cheese, lentils, and nuts are examples of protein-rich foods.

Muscle atrophy and exhaustion can occur as a result of a low-protein diet. A diet like this might also cause insulin and blood sugar levels issues.


To satisfy your body’s demands, you need protein every day, but if you have renal disease, your body may not eliminate all of the waste from the protein in your diet. Excess protein waste in the blood can cause nausea, a loss of appetite, weakness, and a change in taste.


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