Hematuria: What is it?
Hematuria is the condition when a person has blood in their urine. These are the two forms of hematuria
gross hematuria—the presence of visible blood in the urine
When blood is present in the urine, but cannot be seen by the naked eye, it is said to have microscopic hematuria.
Because of the presence of red blood cells, gross hematuria causes urine to be pink, red, or coke-colored. Red urine can be produced with only a little amount of blood, and bleeding is typically not unpleasant. However, passing clots in your urine might be uncomfortable.
When to visit a physician
Anytime you find blood in your urine, schedule an appointment with your doctor.
Your urine may become red if you take some drugs, such as the stimulant Ex-lax, or eat certain foods, such as beets, rhubarb, or berries. A shift in urine color brought on by medication, diet, or exercise may disappear in a short period of time.
Bloody urine has a distinct appearance, but you may not be unable to distinguish between the two. It’s essential to visit a doctor whenever you notice crimson urine.
Bloody urine frequently occurs without any other symptoms or indicators.
Red blood cells in the bladder can be present in almost everybody, including kids and teenagers. This is more probable due to the following factors:
Age. Due to an expanded prostate gland, many men over 50 occasionally urinate blood.
newly acquired infection. One of the main reasons why children have visible blood in their urine is post-infectious glomerulonephritis, an inflammation of the kidneys following a viral or bacterial infection.
Family background. If kidney illness or kidney stones run in your family, you are more prone to urine bleeding.
certain medicines. It is well recognised that aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and antibiotics like penicillin increase the risk of urine bleeding.
strenuous activity. Exercise-induced urine bleeding is notably common in long-distance runners. In fact, the illness is occasionally referred to as jogger’s
The urinary tract is what?
The body’s drainage mechanism for eliminating wastes and surplus fluid is the Two bean-shaped organs, the kidneys are each roughly the size of a hand. On either side of the spine, one is immediately below the rib cage. The kidneys filter between 120 and 150 quarts of blood each day to create 1 to 2 quart of urine, which is made up of wastes and surplus fluid. Compared to adults, children generate less pee. Through tubes known as ureters, the kidneys send urine to the bladder. Urination causes the bladder to release any stored pee. The urethra, a tube just at the bottom of the bladder, is where urine exits the body when the bladder has emptied.urinary tract. The urinary system consists of
the bladder, urethra, two kidneys, and two ureters.
Two bean-shaped organs, the kidneys are each roughly the size of a hand. On either side of the spine, one is immediately below the rib cage. The kidneys filter between 120 and 150 quarts of blood each day to create 1 to 2 quart of urine, which is made up of wastes and surplus fluid. Compared to adults, children generate less pee. Through tubes known as ureters, the kidneys send urine to the bladder. Urination causes the bladder to release any stored pee. The urethra, a tube just at the bottom of the bladder, is where urine exits the body when the bladder has emptied.
Why does hematuria occur?
There are several causes of urine with blood in humans.
disease virus that leads to liver problems and irritation of the liver—trauma strenuous exercise sexual activity disease in the urine, kidney, or prostate
Menstrual endometriosis is a condition that affects women that arises when the tissue that typically borders the uterus grows in an unnatural location, such as the bladder.
There are more severe causes of hematuria, such as
- kidney or bladder cancer
- blood-clotting disorders like hemophilia sickle cell disease, a genetic condition in which a person’s body produces unusually shaped red blood cells, inﬂammatory of the renal, urinary tract, urethra, or prostate—a maple gland in men which envelops the urethra and contributes to the production of semen.
- A hereditary illness called polycystic kidney disease causes many cysts to develop on a person’s kidneys.
Who has a higher risk of developing hematuria?
Those who are more susceptible to hematuria may
- the prostate is swollen
- possess urethral stones
- use specific prescription drugs, such as beta blockers, aspirin and other painkillers, and antibiotics
- exercise vigorously, such as long distance running
- possess a virus or bacteria infection, such as hepatitis or streptococcus
have a history of renal illness in your family
- possess a disease or disorder that damages one or even more organs
What signs might indicate hematuria?
Gross hematuria patients have pink, crimson, or brown urine. Urine can change color if there is even a tiny bit of blood in it. People who have gross hematuria often don’t exhibit any further symptoms or indicators. People who have gross hematuria, which involves clots in the urine, may have back or bladder pain.
How can hematuria be identified?
An expert in medicine determines if hematuria is the result of or the causes of
- a medical background
- a medical checkup
- tests in addition to urinalysis
A medical expert may be able to determine the cause of proteinuria by reviewing a patient’s medical history. He or she will request a medical history, a rundown of symptoms, and a list of current prescription and over-the-counter drugs from the patient. The medical expert will also inquire about past and present medical issues.
A medical expert would frequently tap on the stomach and back during a physical examination to feel for any discomfort or soreness near the bladder and kidneys. A male may get a digitally rectal exam by a medical practitioner to check for prostate issues. A woman’s pelvis may be examined by a medical practitioner to check for the origin of any potential red blood cells inside the urine.
digital rectal examination A man’s prostate and rectum are physically examined during a digital rectal exam. The male is asked to lean over a chair or lie on one side with his legs held tight to his chest while the medical practitioner does the examination. The medical expert touches the portion of the prostate that is located ahead of the rectum using a finger that is gloved and lubricated. Genital infection, an enlarged prostate, and prostate cancer are all detected via the digital rectal exam.
Pelvic exam. The pelvic organs of a woman are examined physically and visually during a pelvic exam. The woman is made to lay on her stomach on an examination table with her feet propped up in support or on the table’s corners by the medical practitioner. In order to check for issues that might be producing blood in the urine, the medical expert examines the pelvic organs and puts a glove, greased finger into the vagina
The medical practitioner has the option of doing a dipstick pee test in the clinic or sending the sample to a lab for evaluation. A “false-positive” test happens when a urine test utilizing a dipstick is positive even when the patient’s urine is clear of blood. Before requesting more testing, the medical professional may examine the urine under a lens to check for red blood cells.
The medical practitioner may inquire about a woman’s last period before taking a urine sample. A woman’s urine sample may occasionally contain blood from her period, which may provide a false-positive hematuria test. Once the lady has stopped menstruation, this test should be repeated.
The patient’s urine may occasionally be tested once more by a medical practitioner. A health care provider could request further testing if indeed the urine samples show an excessive amount of red blood cells:
- a blood test A blood test entails taking a sample of blood at a clinic or other commercial location and sending it to a laboratory for evaluation. High amounts of creatine, a waste material of muscle tissue breakdown, can be seen in the blood and may be an early sign of renal disease. Other blood tests can identify hematuria-causing conditions including prostate cancer or autoimmune conditions like lupus.
CT scan for computed tomography. X-rays and computer technologies are used in CT scans to provide pictures of the urinary system, particularly the kidneys. The patient may be provided with a solution to consume and a contrast agent injection by a medical expert. For a CT scan, the patient must lay on a bed that slides into an x-ray machine structured like a tunnel. In a hospital or outpatient facility, an x-ray technician conducts the process, and a physician interprets the pictures. Anesthesia is not required for the patient. A clinician can use CT scans to identify severe injuries, cysts, tumorsCystoscopy.
- To use a cystoscope, a tube-like equipment, a nephrologist doctor who specializes in urinary problems—conducts a cystoscopy procedure to see within the patient’s bladder and urethra. The medical practitioner does the cystoscopy at a hospital, an outpatient facility, or his or her office. Painkillers could be required for the patient. A cystoscopy can find bladder cancer in a patient., infections, blockages, and urinary tract stones.
- .renal biopsy. A little bit of kidney tissue is removed during a kidney biopsy surgery. The biopsy is carried out by a medical practitioner either at a hospital or an outpatient facility. The patient will receive a local anesthetic and mild sedation from the healthcare provider. The patient may occasionally need to be sedated. A pathologist, a medical professional who focuses on disease diagnosis, analyzes the material in a lab. If renal disease is the cause of the hematuria, the biopsy can assist in determining this.
- imaging with magnetic resonance (MRI). Without employing x-rays, an MRI scan can produce images of the patient’s interior organs and soft tissues. In a hospital or outpatient facility, a highly trained technician completes the process, and a radiologist decodes the pictures. Although individuals with a phobia of enclosed environments may get modest sedation, the individual does not require anesthesia. Topical injection of contrast media may be part of an MRI. The patient will often be placed on a table that goes into an open-ended or closed tunnel-shaped device in an MRI scanner. The patient can lie more openly on some equipment. The patient during an MRI should be completely motionless while the technician captures the pictures. Throughout the process,
How does hematuria become treated?
Hematuria is treated by addressing its underlying cause by medical personnel. The majority of patients do not require therapy if there is no significant ailment underlying their hematuria.
Nutrition, Diet, and Eating
Researchers have not discovered that eating, dieting, or nutrition contribute to the development of hematuria or its prevention.
Things to Keep in Mind
- Hematuria is the condition when a person has blood in their urine. Micro proteinuria occurs when a person cannot discern the blood in their urine but a medical practitioner can see it underneath a microscope. Gross proteinuria is when a person can see the red in their urine.
- Hematuria can be brought on by, among other things, sexual activity and strenuous exercise.
- Among other reasons, more significant causes of proteinuria include polycystic kidney disease, kidney or bladder cancer, infection of the kidney, urethral, bladder, or prostate.
- A family background of kidney illness, an enlarged prostate, bladder or kidney problems, among other factors, might make someone more susceptible to develop hematuria.
- those that have a yucky hematuria
- With the aid of a urine test known as a urinalysis, medical practitioners can identify hematuria.
- A medical practitioner may request one or more more tests if excessive red blood cells are seen in two out of three urine samples.
- Hematuria is treated by addressing its underlying cause by medical personnel.
- Researchers have not discovered that eating, dieting, or nutrition contribute to the development of hematuria or its prevention.
Research on numerous illnesses and ailments is conducted and supported by the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH) Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Disorders (NIDDK) and other NIH divisions.
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