Diabetic kidney disease

Diabetic renal disease: what is it?

One kind of kidney disease brought on by diabetes is diabetic renal disease.


Kidney disease is primarily brought on by diabetes. Diabetic adults with renal disease are one in three.


The primary function of the kidneys is to remove wastes and surplus water from your blood in order to produce urine. Additionally, your kidneys produce the hormones required by your body to maintain health and to regulate blood pressure.


Wastes may accumulate in your body when your kidneys are damaged because they are unable to filter your blood as effectively as they should. Other health issues might also result from kidney impairment.


Diabetes normally damages the kidneys slowly over a long period of time. You can safeguard your kidneys and take measures to halt or postpone kidney disease.


What other names are there for diabetic kidney illness?

Chronic kidney disease, diabetes-related renal disease, diabetic nephropathy, and diabetic kidney disease are further names for diabetic kidney disease.


How can kidney damage result from diabetes?

Blood arteries in your kidneys can get damaged by high blood glucose, often known as blood sugar. Blood vessels are less effective when they are damaged. High blood pressure is a common complication of diabetes, and it can harm your kidneys. Find out more about renal illness and high blood pressure.


What makes me more likely to get diabetic kidney disease?

Kidney damage is more likely to occur if you have diabetes for a longer period of time. You have a higher risk of developing kidney disease if you have diabetes.


Too much blood sugar is present

Too much pressure in the blood

Diabetes, renal disease, and kidney failure are more common in African Americans, American Indians, and Hispanics/Latinos than in Caucasians.


If you have diabetes, you are also more prone to develop renal damage.

  • smoke
  • don’t adhere to your diabetic diet
  • consume salty foods, are sedentary, overweight, have heart disease, and have a family history of renal failure

How can I know if I have kidney damage caused by diabetes?

Most diabetic kidney disease sufferers do not exhibit any symptoms. Getting your kidneys examined is the only method to determine if you have diabetic renal disease.


Blood and urine tests are used by medical practitioners to look for diabetic kidney damage. To determine how well your kidneys are filtering your blood, your doctor will analyze your urine for albumin and do a blood test.


You should have annual kidney disease testing if you


  • possess type 2 diabetes
  • more than 5 years with type 1 diabetes


If I have diabetes, how can I maintain the health of my kidneys?

Try to meet your blood glucose and blood pressure targets since they are the greatest ways to reduce or avoid diabetes-related kidney damage. You may accomplish these goals and enhance your general health by adopting healthy lifestyle practices and taking your medications as directed.


Obtain your blood glucose targets.

Your A1C will be assessed by a medical specialist. The A1C is a blood test that displays your three-month average blood glucose level. This is distinct from the blood glucose tests you could perform on your own. Your blood glucose levels during the last three months have been greater if your A1C value is higher.


For many diabetics, the A1C target is less than 7%. What should your objective be? Ask your medical staff. You can safeguard your kidneys by achieving your target numbers.


Your doctor may advise you to check your blood sugar levels in order to meet your A1C target. Use the findings to inform decisions on your diet, exercise regimen, and medication in collaboration with your medical team. How frequently you should check your blood sugar level should be determined by your medical team.

your blood pressure under control

The force of your blood against the walls of your blood vessels is known as blood pressure. Your heart works too hard when your blood pressure is high. It can result in renal illness, a heart attack, and a stroke.


Additionally, your medical team will assist you in setting and achieving your blood pressure goal. Most diabetics should aim to keep their blood pressure below 140/90 mm Hg. What should your objective be? Ask your medical staff.

Blood pressure-lowering medications can also delay renal damage. Your kidneys are especially well-protected by ACE inhibitors and ARBs, two different classes of blood pressure medications. Each has been shown to lessen kidney damage in individuals with diabetes, hypertension, and DKD. These drugs have names that finish in -april or -sartan. ARBs and ACE inhibitors are unsafe for expectant mothers.

Establish or sustain a healthy lifestyle

You may achieve your blood pressure and blood glucose targets by adopting healthy lifestyle behaviors. Additionally, the actions listed below will assist you in maintaining healthy kidneys.


  • Give up smoking.
  • Develop a diabetic meal plan with a dietician and keep salt and sodium intake to a minimum.
  • Include exercise in your daily regimen.
  • Get to a healthy weight or maintain it.
  • Get adequate rest. Sleep for 7 to 8 hours every night.

Take medications as directed.

An essential component of your treatment strategy may be medications. Based on your unique needs, your healthcare provider will write a prescription for medication. You can use medicine to help you achieve your objectives for blood pressure and blood sugar. In order to manage your blood pressure, you might need to take many types of medication.


. How can I handle the pressure of controlling my diabetes?

Diabetes management is not always simple. It’s normal to have these emotions while you have diabetes. Despite knowing what to do to keep healthy, you can eventually find it difficult to follow your strategy. Long-term stress can increase blood pressure and blood sugar levels, but there are techniques to reduce stress. Try deep breathing, working in the yard, going on a stroll, performing yoga, practicing meditation, engaging in a pastime, or playing your favorite music.

Does the kidney damage caused by diabetes worsen with time?

Diabetes-related kidney damage might deteriorate over time. To avoid or postpone kidney failure, you can take measures to maintain the health of your kidneys and assist decrease renal damage. Less than 15% of normal kidney function is considered renal failure, which signifies that your kidneys have lost the majority of their capacity to function. However, kidney failure does not occur in the majority of diabetics with renal disease.


Learn how to control kidney disease if diabetes causes damage to your kidneys.

References \s[1] Department of Health and Human Services. 2019 data on chronic kidney disease in the US US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA. National Center for Health Statistics; 2019.


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