All you need to know about kidney transplant
Living kidney transplantation is a surgical treatment of placing a healthy kidney from a donor's body who is living. A deceased (brain dead or after donor’s death) donor's kidney can be helpful by placing the kidney through surgical treatment to the patient whose kidney is no longer functioning properly. A patient with end stage renal disease needs kidney transplant as there are problems like
- Kidneys loose its filtering ability
- Harmful level of fluid and waste accumulate Major causes of chronic kidney disease are
- High blood pressure
- Reflux nephropathy
- Chronic glomerulonephritis
- Chronic interstitial nephritis
- Kidney stones
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Ischaemic renal disease
- Unexplained kidney diseases
So the transplantation eventually needs when your kidney loses its 90% ability to function normally. When you feel any of the symptoms of severe kidney failure like nausea, vomiting, breathlessness, swelling, weakness etc then there is a requirement for kidney transplantation. Subsequently consult a kidney doctor who will suggest the best treatment after doing all the tests and examinations.
Why is kidney transplant a better option?
Kidney transplant or dialysis are the last option when your kidney does not function properly. It can be compared with the lifetime on the dialysis. Kidney transplant has various benefits like better quality of life, lowering the risk of death, fewer restriction of dietary and low cost treatment.
There is also a procedure of kidney transplant which is called pre-emptive kidney transplant. In this treatment one can get the benefit of kidney transplant before going for dialysis.
There are two forms of kidney transplant.
- Live related kidney transplant
- Deceased donor kidney transplant
The outcome of live related kidney transplant is slightly better than deceased donor kidney transplant than in case of live related kidney transplant family donor is required whether blood relation or no blood relations. Blood related donor can be patient siblings, parents, grandparents and children. Non-blood related donor can be spouse, any close relation of spouse. Kidney transplant can be blood group matching (ABO compatible) or blood group mismatch (ABO incompatible).
Why kidney transplant has done?
Kidney transplant is the last option when your kidney does not function properly. It can be compared with the lifetime on the dialysis. It has various benefits like better quality of life, lowering the risk of death, fewer restriction of dietary and low cost treatment best doctor for kidney transplant in delhi.
There is also a procedure of kidney transplant which is called pre-emptive kidney transplant. In this treatment one can get the benefit of kidney transplant before going for dialysis. But certain people with kidney failure have more risky kidney transplant then dialysis. If you have certain health conditions then you have to prevent for kidney transplant. These health conditions are advanced age, several heart disease, alcohol or other drug abuse, dementia or poor control on mental illness. If you are active or recently treat the cancer then you should not treat the kidney transplant doctors in Delhi.
There are certain other medical factors that could affect your ability to safely undergone for the transplant procedure. For this purpose you should regularly take the medications after the treatment to prevent your organs from protection kidney transplant cost in Delhi.
When kidney transplant not to be done?
Certain people with kidney failure have more risky kidney transplant than dialysis. If you have certain poor health conditions then you have to avoid kidney transplant. These health conditions are advanced age, severe heart disease, alcohol or other drug abuse, dementia or poor control on mental illness. If there is an active infection or recently got treated for cancer then you should not opt for kidney transplant.
There are certain other medical factors that could affect your ability to safely undergo the transplant procedure.
Donor for kidney transplant
For your failed kidneys, you just need one healthy donor or donated kidney. So making the living organ kidney transplant is the best option. If you did not find any compatible kidney transplant then your kidney can be replaced with the deceased donor. Other options like blood group mismatch, after special treatment (desensitization including plasmaphaeresis, intravenous immunoglobulin, rituximab etc), exchange kidney transplant with other couples. The patient must have the matching compatibility at the time of dialysis, on transplantation waitlist and must have expectation to survive after the transplantation procedure. To get the compatible match, some can get it within a few months whereas some have to wait for several years. The donor also has to go through certain medical tests and examinations. It is preferable to have a donor with a matching blood group with the patient so that further less chance of rejection and less treatment cost. Blood group mismatch transplant is also successful with less complications.
Risks of kidney transplant
There are several risks of kidney transplantation. Some are present before the transplantation and some after the kidney transplant. There are certain health risks that directly associate with rejection of donor organ, side effects of taking medications and surgery itself.
Kidney transplantation also carries certain complications like blood clots and bleeding, infection, stroke, heart attack and death. There will be leakage or blockage of the tube that links your kidney to the bladder. The chances of failure or rejection of donated kidney arise thereby. If the patient is suffering from any infection or certain serious diseases like cancer then transplantation can be cancelled.
It is your personal decision to go for the kidney transplant or not. You need to think carefully and considerably about the certain risks and benefits of kidney transplantation. You should take suggestions and advice from the nephrologist, friends, family and other trustworthy people for the kidney transplantation procedure.