Kidney Cyst

Kidney Cyst

Kidney cyst is a fluid filled pouch that extends in your kidney. Kidney is the bean shaped organ which filter wastes out of your bloodstream to produce urine. People may have one cyst in your kidney or multiple cysts in both kidneys.

Cysts are mainly of two types: simple cyst and polycystic cyst. Simple cysts are individual cysts made in the kidney. They have thin walls and contain a fluid like water. They don’t damage kidneys and affects their function. Polycystic kidney disease is the inherited situation which leads many cysts to form on the kidneys. They can damage the kidneys.

Some cysts are of small size which can only be seen with microscopic. Others cysts can grow to large as a tennis ball. As their size increases, cysts can press on nearby organs and cause pain.

 

What are the symptoms of kidney cysts?

Simple cysts don’t have any symptoms. If it grows or become infected then it may cause symptoms such as:-

  • Pain in your back or side between your pelvis
  • Fever
  • Pain in upper abdomen
  • Swelling in abdomen
  • Urinating more than usual
  • Blood in the urine
  • Dark urine

Polycystic cysts have the following symptoms:-

  • High blood pressure
  • Blood in urine
  • Pain in your back and side

Causes of kidney cysts

There are not certain causes of kidney cysts. A theory suggested that kidney cysts develop when the surface layer of the kidney weakens and forms a pouch. The pouch fills with fluid, detaches and make cysts.

What are the complications of kidney cysts?

Basically, cysts don’t have any problems. Although, sometimes they can cause complications:-

  • Burst cysts: it causes severe pain in the back
  • Blockage of urine out of the kidney: it obstructs the blood flow of urine may result in swelling of kidney.
  • Infection in the cyst: it may infected that cause fever and pain
  • High blood pressure: it increases your blood pressure

 

How to diagnose kidney cysts?

Kidney cysts can be diagnosed by tests which include:-

  • Imaging test: imaging tests are used to investigate simple kidney cysts. It includes ultrasound, computerized tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging. This test can help your doctor check whether a kidney mass is cyst or not.
  • Kidney function test: a sample of blood is tested which show whether a kidney cyst is impairing your kidney function.

 

Treatment of kidney cysts

When you diagnose a kidney cyst then you need to consult a specialist called urologist. Your specialist may take a blood sample to determine how well your kidneys are working.

If the cyst is small and don’t have any problem with your kidney then you might not require to treat it. But for larger cysts which cause symptoms, required treatments include sclerotherapy and surgery.

  • Sclerotherapy: it is performed to drain the cyst. Firstly, you will require a local anesthetic so that you wouldn’t feel any pain. Through ultrasound, your doctor will put a needle into the cyst through your skin and drain all the fluid from the cyst. Some doctors fill the cyst with an alcohol solution afterward to protect it from growing again. You will probably go home on the same day as the procedure.
  • Surgery: larger cysts affect your kidney function which may need to be removed trough surgery. You will be kipping under general anesthesia during the procedure. Surgeons remove cysts laparoscopically through several small incisions. It means they do the surgery using a camera and small instruments. Surgeons will drain the cysts first. Then they will cut or burn the walls of the cyst. You will be required to stay in the hospital for a day or two after your procedure.

Small kidney cyst doesn’t cause any problems. But it grows then sclerotherapy can remove it without any other complications. Polycystic problem is more serious, it can cause complications such as high blood pressure and kidney failure.

kidney transplant

All you need to know about kidney transplant

Living kidney transplantation is a surgical treatment of placing a healthy kidney from a donor's body who is living. A deceased (brain dead or after donor’s death) donor's kidney can be helpful by placing the kidney through surgical treatment to the patient whose kidney is no longer functioning properly.  A patient with end stage renal disease needs kidney transplant as there are problems like

  • Kidneys loose its filtering ability
  • Harmful level of fluid and waste accumulate Major causes of chronic kidney disease are
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Reflux nephropathy
  • Chronic glomerulonephritis
  • Chronic interstitial nephritis
  • Kidney stones
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Ischaemic renal disease
  • Unexplained kidney diseases

So the transplantation eventually needs when your kidney loses its 90% ability to function normally. When you feel any of the symptoms of severe kidney failure like nausea, vomiting, breathlessness, swelling, weakness etc then there is a requirement for kidney transplantation. Subsequently consult a kidney doctor who will suggest the best treatment after doing all the tests and examinations.

Why is kidney transplant a better option?

Kidney transplant or dialysis are the last option when your kidney does not function properly. It can be compared with the lifetime on the dialysis. Kidney transplant has various benefits like better quality of life, lowering the risk of death, fewer restriction of dietary and low cost treatment.

There is also a procedure of kidney transplant which is called pre-emptive kidney transplant. In this treatment one can get the benefit of kidney transplant before going for dialysis.

There are two forms of kidney transplant.

  1.  Live related kidney transplant
  2.  Deceased donor kidney transplant

The outcome of live related kidney transplant is slightly better than deceased donor kidney transplant than in case of live related kidney transplant family donor is required whether blood relation or no blood relations. Blood related donor can be patient siblings, parents, grandparents and children. Non-blood related donor can be spouse, any close relation of spouse. Kidney transplant can be blood group matching (ABO compatible) or blood group mismatch (ABO incompatible).

Why kidney transplant has done?

Kidney transplant is the last option when your kidney does not function properly. It can be compared with the lifetime on the dialysis. It has various benefits like better quality of life, lowering the risk of death, fewer restriction of dietary and low cost treatment best doctor for kidney transplant in delhi.

There is also a procedure of kidney transplant which is called pre-emptive kidney transplant. In this treatment one can get the benefit of kidney transplant before going for dialysis. But certain people with kidney failure have more risky kidney transplant then dialysis. If you have certain health conditions then you have to prevent for kidney transplant.  These health conditions are advanced age, several heart disease, alcohol or other drug abuse, dementia or poor control on mental illness. If you are active or recently treat the cancer then you should not treat the kidney transplant doctors in Delhi.

There are certain other medical factors that could affect your ability to safely undergone for the transplant procedure. For this purpose you should regularly take the medications after the treatment to prevent your organs from protection kidney transplant cost in Delhi.

When kidney transplant not to be done?

Certain people with kidney failure have more risky kidney transplant than dialysis. If you have certain poor health conditions then you have to avoid kidney transplant.  These health conditions are advanced age, severe heart disease, alcohol or other drug abuse, dementia or poor control on mental illness. If there is an active infection or recently got treated for cancer then you should not opt for kidney transplant.

There are certain other medical factors that could affect your ability to safely undergo the transplant procedure.

Donor for kidney transplant

For your failed kidneys, you just need one healthy donor or donated kidney. So making the living organ kidney transplant is the best option. If you did not find any compatible kidney transplant then your kidney can be replaced with the deceased donor. Other options like blood group mismatch, after special treatment (desensitization including plasmaphaeresis, intravenous immunoglobulin, rituximab etc), exchange kidney transplant with other couples. The patient must have the matching compatibility at the time of dialysis, on transplantation waitlist and must have expectation to survive after the transplantation procedure. To get the compatible match, some can get it within a few months whereas some have to wait for several years. The donor also has to go through certain medical tests and examinations. It is preferable to have a donor with a matching blood group with the patient so that further less chance of rejection and less treatment cost. Blood group mismatch transplant is also successful with less complications.

Risks of kidney transplant

There are several risks of kidney transplantation. Some are present before the transplantation and some after the kidney transplant. There are certain health risks that directly associate with rejection of donor organ, side effects of taking medications and surgery itself.

Kidney transplantation also carries certain complications like blood clots and bleeding, infection, stroke, heart attack and death. There will be leakage or blockage of the tube that links your kidney to the bladder. The chances of failure or rejection of donated kidney arise thereby. If the patient is suffering from any infection or certain serious diseases like cancer then transplantation can be cancelled.

It is your personal decision to go for the kidney transplant or not. You need to think carefully and considerably about the certain risks and benefits  of kidney transplantation. You should take suggestions and advice from the nephrologist, friends, family and other trustworthy people for the kidney transplantation procedure.